Turkish – A very interesting and logical language – Part I

As I promised you I will write you about some interesting facts about Turkey and the Muslim and Turkic cultures in my follwing articles. Here you can see me standing in front of the famous Hagia Sophia which by the way is not a mosque but a museum dedicated to the Muslim culture. But what I wanted to tell you about today is the Turkish language which in my opinion is one of the most logical languages I’ve ever been learning. Turkish has an agglutinating grammar like also Hungarian or Finnish and although Turkish might look strange to you with its never ending words it has a very regular strucure. Those of you who learn Spanish or Italian know how much time you have to spend on learning irregular verbs by heart. In Turkish you won’t find any of them. But why are the words in a Turkish text so incredibly long? Well, it’s because the philsophy of an agglutinating language is to place as many parts of a centence like the preposition or the possessive pronoun in just one word. For instance ev is house in Turkish. If you want to say my house you add the suffix -im and you say evim. The preposition is added as last syllab. So in in my house in Turkish is evimde. Furthermore most of all agglutinating languages have a so called vocal harmony which decides about the correct syllab. The plural syllab in Turkish is always -lar or -ler. And maybe you learn the language and now you ask yourself which of these syllabs you have to use. It’s not that complicated as it depends on the last vowel of the noun. For instance ev requires the syllab -ler so you say evler. But kitap which means book needs the syllab -lar so the correc plural form is kitaplar. Furthermore many word counstructions tell us much about the Islam and here I mention the cultural aspect again. For instance the daughter-in-law in Turkish is gelin and it’s a derrivation of the Turkish verb gelmek which means to come. This derrivation shows us the Muslim tradition that after the wedding the bride came into their parents-in-law house. So gelin in Turkish is a person who comes and moves into the house. Of course Turkish also has many influences from the Arabic language because of the common religion. But about the inluences of other languages in Turkish I will talk in my next article.

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